Asana also means
a throne or a pedestal. If the pedestal of lotus is arranged
in single petal row it is called Padmasana. If the lotus
petals are arranged in a double row it is called
supported by lion is called singhasana.
supported by the tortoise is called kurmasana.
It is a sleeping
pose of Hindu god Vishnu.
A pose of
dancing Shiva and other various tantric gods are found in
pose is also called padmasana. In this position the legs are
crossed closely locked with the soles of both feet visible.
All Buddhas and Bodhisatwas seated are found in this
A pose of
ease-one leg pendent and other resting on a lotus flower.
The other leg is in the usual position of Buddha. Taras, the
consort of Dhyani Buddha, Saraswati, Basundhara are found in
position seated knees apart and both legs pendent. The
position of Maitriya Buddha.
right knee raised and left leg in the usual position of
Buddha. Right arm hanging loosely over the right knee. Hindu
deities are often shown in this posture.
A pose standing
either in straight or in various degrees of flexion of body
or legs Boddisatwas are found in this position.
A pose stepping
to the left with right leg straight and left bent. The
aggressive forms of god, the Dankinis and the wrathful
deities are found in this position.
Abhaya Mudra is
the Mudra (gesture) of protection. In this gesture, the arm
is elevated and slightly bent. The hand is lifted to
shoulder level with the palm turned outward and all the
fingers are extended upward. This mudra is characteristic of
Dhyani Buddha Amoghisiddhi.
the mudra of witness (earth- touching). The right arm is
pendent over the right knee. The hand with the palm turned
inward and all the fingers extended downward with the finger
touching the lotus throne. The left hand lies on the lap
with palm upward. The gesture'of touching the earth' or
calling the earth to witness commemorting Gautam Buddha's
victory over temptation by the demon Mara. This gesture is
chracteristic of Dhyani Buddha Akshobhya as well as
Mudra ist he gesture of Teaching. Literally, Dharma means"
Law" and chakra means wheel and usually interpreted turning
the wheel of law. In this gesture both hands are held
against the chest, the left facing inward, covering the
right facing outward, the index and thumb of each hand
making a circle. It is characteristic of Dhyani Buddha
Vairochana. It is also a gesture of hands exhibition by Lord
Buddha while preaching his first sermon at sarnath.
Dhyana Mudra is
the mudra of meditation. It is also called samadhi or yoga
mudra. both hands are placed on the lap, right hand on left
with fingers fully stretched and the plams facing upwards.
Often, a begging bowl is placed. This is the characteristic
mudra of Dhyana Buddha Amitabha.
Jnana mudra is
the gesture of teaching. In this gesture, the tips of the
index and the thumb are joined and held near the center of
chest with the palm turned inward. This is the
characteristic mudra of Manjushree.
is the gesture of prayer. In this gesture, the hands are
kept close to the chest in devotional attitude with the
palms and fingers joined. This is the special gesture of
Avalokiteswara when with more than two arms.
Tarjani mudra is
the gesture of threatening or waring. Only the index finger
is raised while the other fingers are locked up in the fish.
This mudra is characteristic of most of the wrathful
mudra isthe gesture of Adi-Buddha, Vajradhara. In the
gesture the wrists are crossed at the breast. The hands hold
usually the Vajra and Ghanta. This is the special mudra of
Vajradhara and Samvara and most of the gods when holding
Varada Mudra ist
he gesture of charity or conferring boon or grace. The arm
is extended all way down with palm facing outwards, fingers
extended downwards. This isthe mudra of Dhyani Buddha Ranta
Sambhava, Avalokiteswara, sometimes of a standing sakyamuni.
Vitraka mudra is the gesture of argument. In this gesture
the tips of thumb and index finger touches forming a
circle. All the other fingers are extended upwards. This is
the mystic gesture of Taras and Boddhisatwas